Markus Raditz at Linköping University has gone in depth about how business and open source can play with and against each other. In his doctoral thesis, Markus goes through important aspects of community-driven open-source projects and the challenges they face when they are commercialized.
In the introduction to the work, he writes:
This thesis examines the phenomenon of open source, 'open source', from a management and control perspective. More specifically, aspects of commercialization of a community-driven open source project (OSS, open source software) are studied. The term 'community-driven' refers to open-source projects that are run and managed by volunteer groups, unlike open-source projects run and controlled by individual companies.
By applying a business ecology perspective, this thesis focuses on the broader context that characterizes commercialization of OSS, such as global and collaborative production systems, the values of openness and cooperation, market structures, and diffuse organizational boundaries. The activities in the open source community and its surrounding ecosystems can contribute to many benefits for businesses, and therefore a business ecology perspective can be a useful analytical lens to understand the opportunities, challenges and risks that companies face when commercializing CIS.
You can find the entire work on Linköping University's website: http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1265888&dswid=-8421
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